Last updated on April 1st, 2020 at 09:48 am
Famous for its vast mountains, deserts, beaches, geyser fields, heritage sites, palaces, icy lakes, stunning art, and architecture, there are many reasons you should consider visiting Russia.
The country has a population of 146.8 million people, 80% of whom reside in Western Russia and two-thirds of whom live in cities. The city of Moscow alone has twelve million citizens, and it’s the largest city in Europe.
Russia is diverse and has a rich palette of natural areas, from the steppes to the tundra. Russia is home to Europe’s longest river, the Volga, and its largest lake, Ladoga. The highest mountain in Europe – Elbrus is also situated in Russia, as well as the world’s deepest lake, Baikal, and the country recorded the world’s lowest temperature outside the North and South poles.
Russia is bordered by two oceans. Therefore, being able to travel by car, one can drive from ocean to ocean. (From the Arctic to the Pacific Ocean).
After spending a week in Russia, here is a list of things I believe you should know before visiting Russia for the first time:
Where Is Russia
Russia is the largest country in the world and constitutes one-seventh of the world’s landmass and spans eleven time zones.
Russia has a 37,653 km long coastline. The latitudinal and longitudinal extent of Russia is 41° and 82°N and 19°E and 169°W respectively. It is bounded by the Barents Sea, Kara Sea, Laptev Sea and the East Siberian Sea in the north.
How to get to Russia
Depending on which country you are traveling from, Russia is reachable by air, boat, train, or bus.
How to get to Russia by air
Russia has 13 airports, the most popular, especially for international travelers, are the airports in Moscow and St. Petersburg.
International Airports in Moscow:
- Domodedovo (IATA code: DME). 42 kilometers to the south of the city. It takes between 1.5 hours to 2 hours, depending on the location of your lodging.
- Sheremetyevo (IATA code: SVO). Situated about 30 kilometers to the northeast of the city center.
- Vnukovo (IATA code: VKO). Situated about 28 kilometers to the southeast of the center of Moscow. It takes between 45 minutes and 1.5 hours depending on traffic.
The most popular airport in St. Petersburg is Pulkovo Airport (IATA code: LED).
How to get to Russia by train
There are many cities where you can get a train to Russia. You can get direct trains to from Riga, Tallinn, and Helsinki to St. Petersburg and Moscow. If you take a train from Warsaw or Vilnius, you will most likely have to cross Belarus.
The best and cheapest train journey from Europe to Russia is a train to Berlin or Warsaw first and then onward to Moscow or St. Petersburg. Of course, there are also trains from Helsinki, which takes only 5 hours to St. Petersburg (11 hours to Moscow) and cost much less.
How to get around in Russia
Trains (Aeroexpress): Russia has the largest urban metro system in the world. It’s easy to navigate and operate between 05:25 am and 01:00 am. Find the latest times and fare on the English website HERE.
Buy a Troika card and recharge it for use on the Aeroexpress, bus, and street car.
Bus: InfoBus is a website where you can buy tickets for short distances such as Moscow and Suzdal or between Vladimir and Suzdal; and long distances, for example, Moscow-Saint Petersburg, Moscow-Saransk, etc.) and for international routes (for example, Moscow-Kyiv, St. Petersburg-Tallinn, Moscow-Minsk, St. Petersburg-Helsinki, etc.)
Taxi: Order a taxi on Yandex (Russia’s version of Uber): you can type in your destination and pay through the app (highly recommended) or pay in the exact amount in cash to avoid fake money scams. Read the ultimate guide to using taxis in Russia.
Why visit Russia
Russia has always been and still remains attractive for tourists. Every Russian city is filled with history. And each region is inimitable and unique. There is more to Russia than the well-known names of Moscow, St. Petersburg, Siberia, Baikal, the Urals, Kamchatka, and recently – Sochi.
Best time to visit Russia
|Best Month to visit Russia||Season||Crowds||Vacation in Russia Cost|
|Visiting Russia in January||temperatures can fall below -20 degrees or even higher||Low||Low|
|Traveling to Russia in February||Still cold||Moderate||Moderate|
|Visiting Russia in March||Still cold and snowing||Moderate||Moderate|
|Visiting Russia in April||Transitional month between winter and spring||Moderate||Moderate|
|Visiting Russia in May||warmer days||High||High|
|Visiting Russia in June||warm but not boiling hot||High||High|
|Visiting Russia in July||the hottest month. over 30 °C||High||High|
|Visiting Russia in August||Starts getting cold in the evenings||Moderate||Moderate|
|Visiting Russia in September||The only month that truly feels like Fall (Autumn)||Moderate||Moderate|
|Visiting Russia in October||Start of winter||Moderate||Moderate|
|Traveling to Russia in November||You can expect snow in many cities by mid-November||Moderate||Moderate|
|Visiting Russia in December||very cold||Low||Low|
Interesting facts about Russia
Shares borders with 14 countries
Russia shares its land boundary with fourteen neighboring countries. China, Mongolia, North Korea, Kazakhstan in the south, Georgia, Azerbaijan in the southwest, Norway, Finland, Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia in the northwest and Poland, Belarus and Ukraine in the west.
Is Russia in Europe or Asia
Russia spans the northern part of the Eurasian continent, 77% of Russia’s area is in Asia, the western 23% of the country is located in Europe, European Russia occupies almost 40% of Europe’s total area.
Gained Independence in December 1991
Once the preeminent republic of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.; commonly known as the Soviet Union), Russia became an independent country after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991.
The USSR consisted of the following present-day countries: Russia, Georgia, Ukraine, Moldova, Belarus, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan.
Russia is home to the deepest lake in the world
The age, isolation and deep oxygenated water of Lake Baikal have resulted in one of the world’s richest freshwater ecosystems. The lake is located in south-central Russia near the Mongolian border. The three main points of access to Baikal are Irkutsk and Ulan-Ude and Slyudyanka.
Russia is home to the world longest Railway
The Trans-Siberian Railroad was built between 1891 and 1916. It connects Moscow to far eastern Russia. This train journey is the longest you can make on a single train: the longest of the three trans-Siberian routes, between Moscow and Vladivostok, covers 9,258km (6,152 miles) and takes seven days.
Language in Russia
The official language of Russia is Russian. This language uses the Cyrillic alphabet instead of Latin and is one of the five most spoken languages in the world. Everything is in Russian (Cyrillic writing) except for things that are tourist-related. English isn’t widely spoken so I would advise downloading a language app like Google Translate or learning some popular phrases:
Money in Russia
The currency in Russia is ruble or rouble (RUB), with 100 kopeks (or Kopecks) making up one Russian rouble. The most frequently used Russian money banknotes are RUB 50, 100, 500, 1000 and 5000, while coins are available in denominations of RUB 1, 2, 5, к.10 and к.50.
Debit and Credit cards are not widely accepted so make sure you always have cash. ATMs are open 24/7 and easy to find in cosmopolitan cities like Moscow and St. Petersburg. Most have an English and Russian language option.
Russian terms to know
- ATM: Bankomat / Банкомат
- Bank: Bank / банк
- Exchange rate: Obmenny kurs / обменный курс
- Exchange bureau: Obmenny punkt / обменный пункт
- Cash withdrawal: Snyatie nalichnykh / снятие наличных
Important laws in Russia
There are important laws to know before visiting Russia for the first time.
Visa for Visiting Russia
At the moment (May 2019) there are only 32 nationalities that have visa-free access to the Russian Federation. South Africa is one of them and we can stay for 30 days visa-free, without the intention of working, studying or living in the country. If you’re not South African, find out more about visa requirements for your country on the official Russian government website.
Immigration Card when visiting Russia
When you arrive at passport control you will be given an Immigration Card which has two parts, one is kept by the Immigration officer and the other must be kept safe and carried with you at all times. Hotels will not accept your reservation without an Immigration Card. The Immigration Card must be returned at the airport when you leave.
Passport Checks in Russia
You should carry your original passport with you at all times as you can be asked for identification at any time by police who carry random checks. Don’t argue or ask why its simply the law in Russia. Failure to produce a passport can lead to a fine or arrest. A copy will not be sufficient.
Visitor Registration in Russia
If you are staying in Russia for more than 2 days you need to register with local authorities (at the police station). Usually, hotels do this for guests automatically, but if you’re renting a property from a private company like AirBnB it will be your responsibility to ensure this is done. Learn more.
Always print your boarding pass as electronic boarding passes on an app or email will not be accepted. Things are slowly changing but in May 2019 they didn’t accept electronic boarding passes.
I traveled with Aeroflot (The largest airline in the world during the Soviet era and today they are the official Russian Federation airline). On their website it states:
Aeroflot won’t accept passengers without a paper boarding card. If you don’t have time to print out your boarding pass at home, you can print it at one of the airport’s self-service kiosks. The exception to this is passengers who check in via mobile, as they will be sent a special 2D barcode which can be scanned by the gate agent. Traditional check-in, at the customer service desk, is also available (and is complimentary). Check in usually closes 40 minutes before departure. Learn more.
Apps to download before visiting Russia
- Metro Route Planner: Interactive city map
- Aeroexpress: Train tickets & Timetables
- Yandex: Taxi app, Russia’s version of Uber.
- Booking.com: For hotel or apartment bookings in Russia.
- Google Translate: Russian to English or any other language translation.
- Toptriptrip: Travel guides in different languages.
Photography in Russia
The photographing of any military installation, establishment or site of strategic importance (including airports) is banned. You are likely to have your film confiscated, be detained for questioning and possibly arrested if you do not obey this rule.
Alcohol in Russia
The general rule is that alcohol in Russia is not sold in shops between 11 pm and 8 am, but you can buy in advance and drink from home or visit a bar or restaurant to enjoy a drink there.
Things to do in Russia
I highly recommend planning your itinerary and buying your tickets before you visit Russia. There is a lot to do, so you should research in advance and immigration might also ask for a copy of your itinerary, so it’s important to be prepared.
Are you visiting Russia soon? Read this…
Travel Insurance for Russia
Use travel insurance while visiting Russia so you are covered for theft and medical expenses. There are a lot of adventurous activities to do in Russia, and it’s best to have peace of mind while driving, hiking and trying some of the best food in the world.
Find out why I recommend World Nomads, check out my World Nomads Insurance review.
Disclaimer: This article contains affiliate links. This means that if you make a booking after clicking on a link, I may receive a small commission at no extra cost to you!